Aristotle said it best: the whole is greater than the sum of its parts. And nowhere is that truer than in supply chain, which now enjoys the global spotlight for reasons less than desirable. But not to fear! In this episode, Kevin L. Jackson is bringing in the experts — Thulium CEO Tamara McCleary and Tompkins Ventures Founder Jim Tompkins — to examine the current state of the supply chain, the promise of AI for handling disruption, the critical importance of communication (along with plans B, C, &D) and more.
Welcome to Digital Transformers. The show that connects you with what you need to build, manage, and operate your digital supply chain. Join your host in a timely discussion on new and future business models with industry leading executives. The show will reveal global customer expectations, real world employment challenges, and the value of advanced business technologies, like artificial intelligence, blockchain, and robotic process engineering. And, now, we bring you Digital Transformers.
Kevin L. Jackson (00:41):
Hello everyone. This is Kevin L. Jackson, and welcome to the AT&T Business Talks Chat on Supply Chain and Manufacturing. My name is Kevin L. Jackson, and I’m the host of Digital Transformers on Supply Chain Now, and I will serve as the moderator for today’s fireside check.
Kevin L. Jackson (01:04):
In product manufacturing, the supply chain facilitates the transfer and transformation of raw materials into finished products. From there, the manufacturer transports and distributes the products to a retailer or directly to a consumer. But over the past couple of years, this normally invisible component of just about every business has become front and center. I’m sure you remember the toilet paper problems. So, in this BizTalks Chat, I have the pleasure of inviting two leading experts to give us their view on the state of supply chain today and what the future holds as the world recovers from the pandemic. First, I’d like to invite Tamara McCleary, the CEO and Founder of Thulium to introduce herself.
Tamara McCleary (02:00):
Well, hello everyone. I’m so excited to have this chat with all of you and thank you for joining. Thulium is a global social media marketing agency. But, currently, I’m trying to put my money where my mouth is and I’m upskilling myself. Times aren’t changing, right? So, I’m currently a fulltime graduate student at Harvard and my focus there in my graduate studies is Science Technology and the Global Economy.
Kevin L. Jackson (02:26):
Wow. That’s a lot. So, thank you, Tamara. Now, I would like to ask Dr. Tompkins, the Chairman and Founder of Tompkins Venture to introduce himself.
James Tompkins (02:38):
Well, thank you, Kevin. And it’s my pleasure to be here as well. And, Tamara, it’s great to see you. And my background, I guess I began my background at Purdue University, where I got my Bachelors, Masters, and PhD in Industrial Engineering with a focus – back then we didn’t have the word supply chain, we called it industrial distribution. I left Purdue and went to NC State as an assistant professor teaching facilities, planning, material handling, transportation, distribution, and logistics. And at the same time, I started a consulting company as this kind of a sideline. And three years later, my wife pointed out to me that I was making six times more money on my side time job as opposed to my full-time job. And so, then I decided – my wife did not decide this. This is my story – to leave the university and make my life’s work, Tompkins International.
James Tompkins (03:31):
We did that. We grew the firm. We grew internationally. We had several hundred people. We’re very, very successful. And then, COVID hit. When COVID hit, I decided I wanted to take a new path and leave consulting. And I went into the business that today we call Tompkins Ventures. Where, at Tompkins Ventures, we focus in on five critical aspects that you need for companies to be successful. We focus on leadership. We focus on capital. We look at facilities. We look at technology and logistics.
James Tompkins (04:05):
Across my career, I’ve written 30 books. I am writing number 31 as we speak. I was working on it this morning. And I’ve given 2,000 talks, wrote 1,000 papers, been the president of three professional societies, and excited about what’s going on in supply chain because it’s a tremendous time for learning. So, looking very much forward to this discussion and learning from Tamara and what Kevin leads us on the path. So, let’s get it on, Kevin.
Kevin L. Jackson (04:34):
No. Great. Well, thank you very much. It sounds like you’re a professional in this area. I’ll tell you, I’m a technologist and I know Tamara is a scientist, so glad to have you with us.
James Tompkins (04:49):
Pleased to be here.
Kevin L. Jackson (04:49):
So, Jim, [inaudible] this thing off with an overview of the supply chain. I mean, you seem like the perfect person to give us a state of the union, so to speak, because we know there’s been substantial challenges over the last 24 months. So, how are we doing?
James Tompkins (05:06):
Well, I tell you, looking at the goal of supply chain, what we see our goal is to synchronize supply to demand. That’s our job. To do that, we have six mega processes. The six mega processes are plan, buy, make, move, store, and sell. And so, the question is how can we synchronize supply to demand while doing plan, buy, make, move, store, and sell? What we saw in January of 2020, while all the Chinese folks were back at their home where they grew – in China, you go to where you were born during Chinese New Year – during Chinese New Year, COVID hit. And what it did, it caused the Chinese country to close the travel. No one could travel. Everyone had stayed at home. And so, we went, not two weeks without supply from China, but it actually turned out to be eight weeks before we had the factory of the world working again.
James Tompkins (06:08):
And so, what they did is they totally disrupted the supply coming from China. And so, when you totally disrupt the supply, you’re not going to have the ability to synchronize supply to demand because you don’t know where the supply is. When they started to export product again, they also exported something else. They exported COVID-19. They exported the product on ships. They exported COVID-19 on air. And so, it traveled very quickly. And what occurred around the world is the virus occurred before the parts did. When the virus occurred, the world had a shutdown. And what that resulted in is a major change in the demand.
James Tompkins (06:47):
And so, here we are in March of 2020, we have no control of supply. We have no control of demand. And we have lead times which are the just going all over the place. There’s no sanity, no truth there, whatsoever. And so, what happened is the supply chain of the world ceased to operate. We were not able to synchronize supply and demand. Now, the interesting thing is the trend that we saw really come to the forefront in March and April of 2020, actually started back in 2019. In June of 2019, I made a YouTube video that talked about the level of disruptions were occurring more and more and more frequently. And that we needed to plan a supply chain that was more resilient because those disruptions were causing havoc in what we were doing.
James Tompkins (07:40):
If you look at 2020, COVID was a terrible, terrible, terrible disease. It still is. But in addition, we had a world record on wildfires, world record on hurricanes, world record on bankruptcies, on geopolitical crises. We had 450 billion locusts in Africa. Can you imagine 450 grasshoppers running around? I mean my goodness sakes, they ate everything alive. We had exploding ports in Lebanon. We had the Suez Canal blocked by an Ever Green ship. Interesting, last week, what happened? An Ever Green ship got stuck in Baltimore. And so, now, we have a disruption there as well.
James Tompkins (08:21):
If we look into today’s world, the Russian invasion, the impact that has had of the Ukraine, and it’s a terrible situation, not only from the human aspect, which of course is number one, but number two, from a supply chain point of view. If you look at the Ukraine-Russian impact, what we’re talking about is wheat, barley, corn, potatoes, aluminum, iron, nickel, plutonium, titanium, mercury, manganese, uranium, ammonia, and neon that are totally, totally disrupted. And this has major impacts around the world. And so, what we have is we’re living today, what was defined in the late 1980s by the U.S. Army War College as VUCA. VUCA stands for volatility, uncertainty, complexity, and ambiguity.
James Tompkins (09:11):
So, what we have in the supply chain today is VUCA. And where we are living right now is the new normal is disruptions. Disruptions are going to continue. Because of the Ukrainian crisis, we don’t really look at a lot of other things that are going on in the world. But are you aware of the fact that the record rainstorms in Australia and Australia is in major problem? Are we aware of the fact that today in Germany, Volkswagen, Mercedes-Benz, and BMW are not producing cars? Do you know why they’re not producing cars? Because all the wiring harnesses that make those cars come from the Ukraine. And so, what they had was a supply chain that really, really was not functioning and, therefore, they can’t produce automobiles.
James Tompkins (09:56):
The stay at home demands that were brought about by COVID resulting in a huge shift in buying in stores, from buying online. We’re not ready for that. The fact of the matter is, to sell a million dollars of product online takes four times the labor and three times the space than it does to sell a million dollars in a store. And so, it’s having a major impact on how we perform logistics within the supply chain to make things happen.
James Tompkins (10:29):
And so, where we are globally, what’s the state of the art of supply chain today? It is broken. It doesn’t work. And, in fact, I believe there’s aspects of supply chain that are obsolete, which really kind of makes me mad, because I spent 40 years of my life learning supply chain and now a lot of that is no longer relevant. And so, what we need to do is realize the future of supply chain is not like the past. The future is broken and we need to take real strong action.
Kevin L. Jackson (10:59):
Wow, Jim. I’m scared. It sounds like, you know, issues of biblical proportions. I mean locust? Please.
James Tompkins (11:09):
I mean, it is beyond biblical. I mean, where we are right now is we don’t have the ability to allow commerce to function because of the supply chain. It’s a total mess.
Kevin L. Jackson (11:24):
But it sounds like it’s a lot more than just supply chain. So, Tamara, it seems like it’s impossible to address, but I know you’ve been doing a lot of work with companies on how to address some of these issues, I think. Do you have anything good to say about how companies have risen to the occasion by delivering a supply chain excellence? Was it even possible?
Tamara McCleary (11:59):
Yeah. Absolutely. But first of all, I got to say that, Jim, what a way to catapult us out into this really, really critical conversation. Because everything that Jim said is true. And, in fact, Jim you’ve touched upon some things that I was definitely going to speak to, so thanks for setting that up. And just for all of you joining us, Jim, and I didn’t talk beforehand. We just spoke like that. But the check is in the mail, Jim.
Tamara McCleary (12:26):
But, actually, what’s really interesting to me is that, what I have been studying and what’s really critical for the conversation that we’re having today, is, I am doing a supply chain logistics and management part of my curriculum. And I’m studying underneath Mark Fig, who’s just a supply chain genius. I’m working with probably every household brand name you can think of. And so, in exploring these issues that Jim absolutely put before us, is that, what we did to set us up for these problems – besides the apocalyptic, cataclysmic events that we don’t have any control over – is the things that we do have control over. How we set ourselves up for a lot of these failure is that it was really, really popular to just think about cost effectiveness and outsourcing a lot of production, a lot of products. And although it can be cheaper to outsource, the problem is, is that, you lose the ability to control what happens in a geopolitical context that we find ourselves in now.
Tamara McCleary (13:36):
So, for a positive note, Kevin, since you asked me for one, I think a use case would be – and they got a lot of flack for this – Tesla got a lot of flack for pulling a lot of their manufacturing in-house. So, you know, they have much more our control of their supply chain because their source materials are in-house. Their tech, their chips are manufactured in-house. Where – Jim brought this up – other auto manufacturers rely on all these outside sources. And so, you know, even these companies are selling products that they don’t even manufacture, including automotive companies that have other companies manufacturing their vehicles for them. Or even just, say, the chip issues that Jim mentioned, think about your seats are manufactured and outsourced out of country and you have lost your supply of seats. How are you going to sell automobiles without seats? And these are things that Tesla does in-house. And so, they have much more control. And I think Elon Musk has been brilliant – hopefully, we talk about this later – how, even in the executive suite, you need to be able to track, and control, and monitor, and communicate to understand where all your inputs are coming from in order to guarantee your outputs. Because when we talk about supply chain, it’s an incredibly complex machine.
Tamara McCleary (15:06):
And the problems that I’m working on academically at school have to do with looking at all of the upstream nodes, as well as those downstream nodes. And, in fact, I don’t know if you guys have ever seen mind maps, but the kinds of models that I’ve been putting together have all of these various nodes along a very complex supply chain. And whether you up-regulate, or down-regulate, and input, or an output completely changes everything along that mode, because without that lack of flow – we say disruption for everything these days – when there really is something cut off or, say, delayed by eight weeks, you have to think of all the downstream effects of that. And I think we don’t think about how that plays into our everyday lives. And we’ve seen that.
Tamara McCleary (16:05):
And, Jim, wouldn’t you agree that supply chain became sexy after COVID when everybody, as to your point, didn’t get their toilet paper? But it’s been there all along. It just wasn’t made sexy until everyone got interested in how it actually affected them. But even today, you go to the grocery store, there’s empty shelves, items aren’t there, there’s supply chain issues. And so, I think that when we look at how Tesla has brought in a lot of things in-house and is not reliant upon everything to be outsourced, although there are initial costs upfront from doing that, you can see how it’s given the company much more control over their manufacturing, production and, ultimately, their sales, and business growth.
Kevin L. Jackson (16:55):
Well, one of the things they always say, when things are working perfectly, you don’t know anything about it. So, I guess the supply chain was okay when it was static or maybe because we didn’t expect as much as we expect now. And in the past, in the supply chain, the big word was just in time. But how can you rely on getting your cabling for the car from Ukraine just in time? So, Jim, with all of these changes and, I guess, dynamic aspects of our society that maybe we haven’t really seen before, what are collar companies responding to this lack of flow across the supply chain? How can they actually shore up this machine when these previously unexperienced issues come up? How did they show it up?
James Tompkins (18:11):
Well, it’s a very complex question, Kevin, but it’s a very good question. And Tamara began with the answer to that. I like to talk about supply chain as something as EERR. The first E is a supply chain of 1991 all the way until 2005, and that, as Tamara said, was all about cost. E was efficiency. How do we take costs out of transportation? How do we take costs out of inventory, just in time inventory? How do we take costs out of going to a low cost manufacturer? And that was the total focus of supply chain was taking cost out.
James Tompkins (18:48):
The second E began in around year 2006 and went all the way until 2020. And that was efficiency – excuse me. The first E was efficiency. The second E is effectiveness. How do we have an impact on customer service? How do we impact our customers in a way that allows them to want to get value from what we’re selling? And so, delivering it to them quicker. Delivering it to them with more options. Delivering them to where they want the product. And so, effectiveness went all the way until 2020. And the supply chain field didn’t change much. The complexity grew. The amount of global aspects grew. But the supply chain didn’t really change much.
James Tompkins (19:31):
And then, what happened is, in 2020, the disaster that Tamara and I discussed already, and that’s when we grew. Tamara called it sexy. I would call it respect. Supply chain was not sexy. Tamara is [inaudible] right. It was kind of boring back those guys over there. In fact, in this very room that I’m sitting right now, right on the other side of this screen, there’s a chair. I remember in March of 2020, my wife came in and sat in that chair. My wife never comes in this office and sits down. She comes in and talks to me. But she never comes in and sits down. And I thought, “Oh, wow. What did I do now? I’ve done something wrong. Did I forget to take the trash out? Did I forget to break down the Amazon boxes? You know, what did I do? Oh, this is not good.”
James Tompkins (20:19):
And then, she smiled and says to me, “Congratulations, Jim.” And I thought, “Oh. Wow. Thank you. What did I do?” And she said, “You are now legitimate.” “You know, mom and dad never told me that I wasn’t legitimate. I thought I’ve always been legitimate. What do you mean?” And she says, “No, no, no. You and I have been married for 51 years. For 51 years, I’ve explained to my friends, to your friends, to our kids, to our grandkids, to everybody, what it is you do, and everyone looks at me with a blank stare. But for the last two weeks on the news, all the time about supply chain, supply chain, supply chain. My good friend, Ruth, called up and says, ‘Is this what Jim does?’ Jim does supply chain? Holy cow. That’s important. That’s cool.'” So, all of a sudden, in 2020, the field of supply chain grew respect. And so, that’s the first R.
James Tompkins (21:18):
The second R followed in 2020 later in the year when we started to have failure in supply chain. You mentioned the toilet paper issue. I mean, you know, we had websites telling us where you can go to buy toilet paper. [Inaudible] tomato soup. We can’t find tomato soup any place. So, what we found is we lacked resilience. And so, resilience is the topic.
James Tompkins (21:42):
Resilience, if you’re a physicist, you think of resilience if you hold a ball out and you drop it, the ball will bounce right up to the height of your hand. That’s the resilience of one. A resilience of 0.5 is you drop the ball and it drops half as high as it fell. That’s the resilience of 0.5. So, the question is, how well are we able to bounce in the supply chain when you have these disruptions?
James Tompkins (22:07):
And that’s what leads to a tremendous new way of thinking about things where supply chain must change. And so, what we’re seeing is we’re trying to get back to synchronization by dealing with this bouncing ball with our unknown of supply and demand and the lead times are varying. And so, what we’re seeing is we need to change what we do with supply chain. This is now being addressed in a very difficult way. There’s some people out there that have been doing supply chain for 20 years and they say, “Hey, wait a minute. I got promoted. I’m the chief supply chain officer of this company. And I got promoted because I knew how to do just in time. I knew how to do reduction in cost. I knew how to go to low cost country. I don’t want to change what I do.” And what I tell him is, “Sir/ma’am, you have to change because what you’re doing, it doesn’t work anymore.” And so, what we need to do is we need to move beyond where we are with a new technology that allows us to manage this level of variability, or we have to take total control, as Tamara has said. Those are our two choices.
Kevin L. Jackson (23:20):
Tamara, R-E-S-P-E-C-T. I see Jim got some respect right now.
Tamara McCleary (23:27):
I don’t know. I still think my word sexy works if his wife came in, sat down, and spent time with him. Jim, you just got a lot sexier. See.
James Tompkins (23:36):
I did. I did. Thank you.
Kevin L. Jackson (23:40):
Okay. Okay. We got to keep this on rails here. Be professional. So, Tamara, what additional challenges should leaders expect to grapple with, as if there’s not enough right there in front of them? What’s coming down the pike? I mean, we’ve already gone through the biblical pet plagues.
Tamara McCleary (24:02):
Yeah. Going there, I mean, how many of us had war on our minds when the pandemic started? It’s just like one thing after another. But you have to see, I mean, at least it is for me, a challenge to go, “Okay. These are all the things with which we didn’t anticipate. However, they have incredible impact.” And a year ago, I wrote an academic paper on utilizing drones to mitigate supply chain issues in developing countries without critical infrastructure, such as roads to deliver. You know, when I was writing this, it was really critical. They weren’t getting their vaccines. And so, obviously, back when we were talking vaccines, we were talking about cold storage type issues and how do we monitor and make sure that these products get to the end people still valid and usable. And so, drone delivery was a big one.
Tamara McCleary (25:04):
Obviously, in the United States, we have massive hurdles with FAA regs with respect to drones just being able to deliver. I mean, I’m sure all of us have seen those fancy little marketing ads where you see the prescription med dropped off to an individual’s home. That’s marketing at this point in the United States. That is just not happening. There are myriad of reasons why there’s a problem there, such as security implications, air traffic control, safety, you name it. I have a huge paper on it. It’s about 50 pages long.
Tamara McCleary (25:39):
But when you look at transportation, such as getting critical supplies in and out of a war torn area, this is where we have to look at, not only how is the supply chain disrupted to us, say with war in Ukraine, but how is the supply chain disrupted for Ukrainians? How are they getting healthcare supplies and food, water, things that they need, when you can’t use the roads that used to be there? So, you know, we’re looking at ways of using other modes of delivery and transportation.
Tamara McCleary (26:21):
Jim brought up something that I think also makes me think how we have to forecast ahead. He talked about agricultural products. And did anyone even realize that Russia, the largest producer of wheat. And with sanctions in Russia, they’re also the largest producer of fertilizer in the world. Fertilizer, which affects absolutely everything that we eat. And Jim mentioned this, Ukraine actually produces 70 percent of the global supply of neon gas, which is directly used in semiconductor manufacture. So, this exacerbates the problem we were already having with microchips since COVID. Has anyone even attempted to buy a car or even buy a used car? Or, hey, how about the problems with even renting a car right now? Because rental car companies, again, part of that supply chain do not have enough vehicles.
Tamara McCleary (27:17):
So, all of these things, looking at it from a global economic perspective, which is really what I’m trying to do is put these puzzle pieces together, is, we are going to be looking at prices going up. If we don’t have access to fertilizer for farmers to grow food, look at those prices going up. If we don’t have wheat, how many products contain wheat in them? All you have to do is go gluten-free for a day to realize that almost everything has wheat in it. So, prices will go up. An interconnected global economy in the midst of a global conflict brings things to a grinding halt, things that we didn’t even conceive of before. And so, I think that these are things that we have to consider looking at, as we look at the entire picture, and realize how complex it is and how complex our world is today.
Kevin L. Jackson (28:12):
Well, you’re really bringing up an important aspect of the supply chain, the big rush to off shoring and now you hear the big wind. The sucking wind you hear is sucking everything back to on shoring. So, Tamara, your vision, once again, is kind of scary. But, Jim, does that align with what you see? Or is there some kind of technology that’s going to drop out of the sky to help us address all these supply chain vulnerabilities?
James Tompkins (28:49):
Well, I love this conversation. You know, we go from sexy, to fertilizer, to interconnected global economy. And such an exciting opportunity here to talk about the technology we need moving forward. In 2003, I wrote this book entitled No Boundaries. And the book describes six levels that we need to go through to get where we need to be. Now, the book, when I wrote it, was aspirational. We didn’t have cloud computing back then. And you can’t truly have a supply chain without boundaries without cloud computing.
James Tompkins (29:35):
However, the six steps I said, step one is business as usual. And business as usual was when the individual link of the supply chain didn’t work. It’s where the salespeople didn’t like the finance people. The finance people didn’t like the procurement people. The procurement people didn’t like operation. And the company was at war. Your enemy was the guy three doors down the hall from you. And so, when I said we need to replace link being business as usual, being broken, stage two is link excellence. Well, link excellence is when the people in the company all work together in unison to accomplish the objective of the company. So, that was link excellence.
James Tompkins (30:19):
Level three is visibility. And visibility says, let’s look down the chain. Let’s look up the chain. Let’s understand what’s going on. And then, we can base what we do based on what’s going on before us and after us. That was level three. Level four said, let’s go beyond visibility and start collaborating. Let’s start working together from one company to the next company, to the next company. And in that way, we can reduce cost out of the supply chain, but in a way that’s still going to be resilient.
James Tompkins (30:51):
Level five is synthesis. And the way I view synthesis is you have a big flame of synthesis. And over this flame is a chain, and you got a red link and a blue link and a green link. And the flame of synthesis melts those links, and you create a molten metal. Molten and it’s flowing, you got a green, you got a blue, you got a red. And it’s flowing throughout the entire supply chain. Once we do that, we then want to add velocity. So, we add velocity and then what we do is you go quicker and quicker and quicker.
James Tompkins (31:33):
Now, what this has taken us to today is not technology falling out of the sky, but technology that’s real. What we have today is we need to replace the supply chain with a digital supply network. With a digital supply network, everyone in the supply chain has the same view of the truth. There’s a single version of the truth. And everyone in the supply chain in real time is connected and we know what is happening. And so, we have an understanding, “This product was supposed to arrive tomorrow at noon.” But, now, we find out it’s not going to arrive until a week late.
James Tompkins (32:13):
So, how do we respond to that disruption? And the answer – and Tamara is an expert on this – is dealing with artificial intelligence and machine learning. What we can do is we can make the supply chain autonomous. About 90 percent of the problems we have, artificial intelligence can solve for us. It’s going to say, we can do this, we can do this, we can do this. And then, we use machine learning to expand the knowledge set that artificial intelligence is controlling in the supply chain.
James Tompkins (32:42):
And in this way, what we do is we eliminate what traditionally has been the problem, planning and execution. And planning and execution had been treated like two different things. And, in fact, what we need to do is eliminate the word and. We need to have a new function called planning execution. It’s one word. No space. Planning execution is one function. And then, we have the ability to execute based upon the information we have, based on how the entire supply network is functioning.
James Tompkins (33:11):
Aristotle is the one that first invented this thinking process, because he said the whole is greater than the sum of the parts. And so, the digital supply network is a force that allows us to take raw materials, convert them into funnel product, and get them delivered to the customer. And so, it’s a huge, huge, huge, new way of thinking. And what we need to do is we need to throw out the old links of the chain and, instead, create a unified network.
Kevin L. Jackson (33:41):
Wow. I tell you, you’re singing my song. I mean, Digital Transformation, you have to build an ecosystem where everyone is participating and getting information at the same time. So, these crises that we get every day, like I think the newest variant, the Omicron, is now on VA, right? And we have this horrible war in Europe. Maybe we can get better just by communicating and talking to one another. But from a technology point of view, I understand that things like the Internet of Things and that the tracking of all these components could go a long way towards helping manufacturers.
Kevin L. Jackson (34:37):
I understand that some of these devices can be used to actually sense the environment and measure specific aspects of the world, like location, and temperature, humidity, even speed of movement, and other factors. These can really help in this communication across the ecosystem. And even today, some of the form factors that are being used like RFID, smart devices, and mobile sensors could really help. So, Tamara, how should executives view the Internet of Things? Is this a way to expand and build their own ecosystems when it comes to improving their supply chain?
Tamara McCleary (35:30):
Kevin, Jim had me at artificial intelligence and machine learning. That’s all I can say. Oh, God. Jim, I love how you just set all these things up for me so perfectly. We have to do this more often. I mean, when we look at what executives need to do – and, Kevin, you and I certainly have been talking about digital transformation before it was cool. And then, actually we’re talking about before that term got worn out.
Kevin L. Jackson (35:59):
Before it was sexy. Oh, I’m sorry.
Tamara McCleary (36:01):
Yeah. It went from obscure to sexy, to banal bland, redundant. But, honestly, what Jim said is true. What does AI need? It needs data, it needs inputs in order to do what it does. And so, everything along that complex supply chain process can be improved with the Internet of Things. And we’re talking about management. We’re talking about oversight applications. We’re talking about forecasting, operational efficiency. But, really, also to what Jim was talking about, with this communication being key is that it’s the transparency that decision makers must have.
Tamara McCleary (36:49):
So, what’s interesting is, you know, coming from a CEO role, back into academia, and back into research, I’m looking at it from the lens of needing to run an organization, needing to forecast for my organization, needing to have all of the data that I need in order to make sure that I’m making appropriate decisions to lead the organization into the future. And AI can help us out with taking in all of this input.
Tamara McCleary (37:22):
And Jim talked about that planning execution, I love it. Because, Jim, what that reminds me of is edge computing. That’s planning execution right there. And so, as we have faster computer processing and more inputs giving us data through, say, IoT, RFID, all of these things are bringing content into AI to be able to make a better decision. But for the C-suite they need the dashboard. They need to see how the communication is happening. And to Jim’s point, a lot of communication breakdowns happen within the organization. You know, what did he say? The person next door, that’s so true. And we all know how siloed organizations are.
Tamara McCleary (38:09):
And besides that, think about the complexity of, not only is your own internal organization oftentimes siloed, but now you are dependent on all of these other nodes outside of your organization to be able to make things happen within your organization. And that level of transparency is often difficult to get. That level of communication is difficult to get.
Tamara McCleary (38:32):
For instance, if you enjoy beer – I thought I should bring in something fun and liven up our audience to wake them up – if you enjoy a good microbrew, think about the fact that if we’re not getting the fertilizer that we need to grow those hops, to grow the barley, then the manufacturer who’s actually producing the beer isn’t going to get the hops and the barley they need to produce that beer. And then, beyond that manufacturer, now we have the retailer who’s, you know, this person’s job is to order to make sure they have, not only just enough on the shelf, but not too much back stock, because back stock is bad as well. And so, you have all of these pieces in play and if you draw the line all the way to that glass of beer, that fertilizer that’s in a war torn country and not getting here is going to affect the entire supply chain of beer.
Tamara McCleary (39:28):
So, I think that when you talk about using artificial intelligence to help us take all of these inputs to streamline in a way on a dashboard, an executive can look at it, a CEO can look at it, and see, “Oh. You know what? We are going to have a bad bottleneck in about two months.” Not today. Today’s a bad day to figure out that you have a problem. You need to be able to forecast. And I do believe that this is where we’ll see technology, such as the Internet of Things, that can get for us what we need for AI and machine learning to do its job to help us better plan, as Jim said, planning execution, so that we’re not reactive. We are responsive. And, hopefully, we are responding before it happens. A reaction is a bad, bad idea for an organization. A response is really where you need to be.
James Tompkins (40:28):
Tamara, I love what you’re saying, because when I was talking about visibility, the third step of the six steps, visibility is critical. IoT, getting the Internet of Things developing for us that information that we can then turn into decisions. So, you’re right on with what you’re saying.
James Tompkins (40:47):
Another point that I wanted to make is we got talking about this information availability and making decisions about what’s happening. There’s another major shift in what have to think about. I’m a PhD Industrial Engineer, so I was trained to optimize things. Unfortunately, optimization is now obsolete. In Germany, what they did is they decided to buy the wiring harnesses from Ukraine because that was the optimal solution. Unfortunately, that optimal solution has now closed all their factories. And so, what we need to do is not optimization, but instead optionization. How do we develop options that allow us to continue to operate even though disruptions occur? And so, instead of optimization, we need optimality. We need to look at options that allows us to really have a solution that we can flux with the artificial intelligence and make something really happen down the road and not be reactionary. Right on. Yeah. I love it.
Kevin L. Jackson (41:53):
Well, I tell you, I mean, you guys are really telling the audience, telling us all, where we need to be. But to be honest, you hear artificial intelligence, and Internet of Things, and machine learning, and cloud, your eyes started rolling back. The audience, I’m speaking for them, I’m sure they’re going to let me know. But they want something now. They want to know what they can do right now to, maybe, get to that nirvana of the future. So, Tamara, can you give the audience some practical and actionable – and I’m emphasizing actionable – advice for manufacturers who, for years, for decades, have been slow to adopt new tech technologies. What can they do right now to fortify their supply chains?
Tamara McCleary (43:01):
Yeah. Absolutely. I think it’s great that we drill down to some level of specificity for some takeaways. And, genuinely, what I’m doing as far as projects at school are solving for problems. So, one of the things I would say that I’m using with all the problems that I’m currently working on, whether that’s working with transportation issues for cities, for electrical grid issues, Jim earlier mentioned storms and events that we can’t control, for a lot of these, people don’t realize have massive supply chain issues. It applies to any organization. Any supply chain issue is exactly what Jim said – I use this term just because it’s such a frequent term for me with financial services – and that is diversification. And his options is basically diversification.
Tamara McCleary (43:57):
And think of it this way, if all of your bets are in one basket, that’s a really poor financial strategy. A very poor business strategy in your supply chain is to have only one option, as Jim said. That’s putting all your eggs in one basket. It’s dangerous. So, from a practical risk mitigation perspective, a takeaway right now – and this is what I ask companies that I work with – is, what is your plan B, and your plan C, and your plan D? So, most companies, I’ll say, “Do you have a plan B?” “Sure.” “Okay. What’s your plan B?” They cannot verbalize it. That’s a problem. You need to know what your plan B is, but it’s not good enough anymore to have just a plan B. And to Jim’s point again – it’s just been so brilliant having Jim on this talk because, Jim, I absolutely love the work that you’ve done and you put into it. And you clearly are a industry expert on this – is that the plan B, the plan C, and the plan D, yes, these options, that Jim talked about, might not be the most cost effective.
Tamara McCleary (45:07):
But I’ll tell you what, you have to already have those relationships established with other vendors, other suppliers, or maybe even pulling some aspects back in-house, or don’t get rid of those people that have all this knowledge in your organization of how to do things. And, instead, find another place for them in the organization so in the event you have to pull things back in-house, you have not lost your intelligence, your knowledge, your wisdom base within your organization. So, the people aspect of supply chain cannot be emphasized enough. Technology is very important, but you need those keepers of wisdom in your organization who knew how to do it when, who knew what to do before. Those people are critical and valuable. And I’ll tell you what, in times like these, all of a sudden their intellectual property is coming to light.
Tamara McCleary (46:03):
So, that people factor, having your options, as Jim said, for me, it’s that diversification, your plan B, your plan C, developing those relationships with those vendors ahead of time. Again, if you’re reacting, it’s too late. You have to already have the relationships established. They may not be your cheapest sources of the product you need, but when the chips are down – and, wow, that’s a pun, isn’t it? When the chips are down. That was totally unplanned – it’s more cost effective to pay more for what you need to produce to keep your sales going than it is to be completely without, and unable to produce, and unable to sell. One is that it affects your bottom line, but you’re still afloat. The other is you may lose the business.
Kevin L. Jackson (46:50):
Right. Yeah. You know, the word of the day is optionality. So, as I say, the phone lines have lit up. It turned on the audience with that.
Tamara McCleary (47:06):
You know, Kevin, I have to tell you, you totally got me thinking. I have to leave you with a last line and that is, we talk a lot about agile, don’t we all the time? But agile is fragile without a contingency plan.
Kevin L. Jackson (47:21):
Absolutely. Absolutely. So, now, I’m going to show, the questions are coming in. And this first one, I tell you, they threw an acronym on me, B-O-P-U-S. So, I understand that’s the Buy-Online-Pickup-In-Store. So, I’m going to throw this first question to Jim. How does the buy-online-pickup-in-store and direct to door delivery affect the supply chain?
James Tompkins (47:58):
Oh, great question. The reality is, before we had buy-online-pickup-in-store, who did the picking of the orders? It was you and I. You and I walked down the grocery store with a cart and we took one of these and one of these, and one of these. We didn’t get paid to pick those orders. We were shopping. And that’s what we did. But, now, what the customer wants is they want to pull up in front of the store, pick up their cell phone and say, “Hey, I’m here. My name is Jim Tompkins. Is my order ready?” And the guy says, “Of course, sir.” And he rolls out, puts my order, and puts it in my trunk. Now, that is called each picking. We’re picking each’s, one of these, one of these, and one of these. Each picking is very, very extensive.
James Tompkins (48:42):
What we used to do is we did case picking. We picked the case. We put the case on the shelf. And, now, the customer came and picked it for free. So, what we find with a buy-online-pickup-in-store, we have to change the entire supply chain to not ship a case to the store, but to have a way of picking the orders from the store. Now, a lot of us have used the different professional shoppers to do the shopping for us, but we have to pay them a fee. And, now, what we’ve done is by having so many professional shoppers in the store, when you and I go in the store, we get run over by these professional shoppers because they’re traveling very quickly to get the orders done.
James Tompkins (49:21):
And, in fact, we’ve done some studies depending upon the variety of the product in the grocery store. If you go above eight to ten percent, it depends on the number of items in this store, but let’s just take the lower number, eight percent. If you have more than eight percent order picking in the store, it’s inefficient to do it with professional shoppers. Today, we’re running around 26 percent of buy-online-pickup-in-store and we have a professional picking it from the shelf. That doesn’t work. And so, we have to build in robotics in our warehouses to do that so we can deliver the order to the consumer.
James Tompkins (49:55):
The second part of the question is direct to consumer, delivering it to the front door. What are the options for delivering to your front door? The options used to be, you could do quick and inexpensive, or you could do slow and cheap. So, you go quick and inexpensive, slow and cheap. So, what does a customer want? They want it quick and cheap. They said, “Wait a minute. That’s not one of the options. You can’t do it.” They said, “That’s what we want.” And so, they want it delivered to the door and they don’t want to pay for it.
James Tompkins (50:36):
So, how do you deliver to the door without paying for it and doing it quickly? The answer is, you have to change where the product is inventoried. Instead of having large distribution centers in the center of the country, we now need fulfillment centers close to the high population density. That has totally changed the supply chain. We’ve gone from a big distribution center in the middle of Ohio. And, now, what we have is four fulfillment centers in the State of Ohio that can deliver to them quickly and inexpensively because you don’t have to travel very far. And so, it’s a whole new supply chain with a whole different impact on where we’re going. And so, it’s the difference between night and day. It’s totally different the supply chain of today versus the supply chain that we’ve faced when Jeff Bezos first told us that we’re going to be able to deliver to your home and not charge you for it.
Kevin L. Jackson (51:26):
So, is this the end of Amazon? Oh, no. But I tell you, those are two very important trends in the industry that everyone’s going to have to pay attention to. So, Tamara, what trends are you seeing in the supply chain? Why don’t you break them down into things that you like to see that are encouraging and maybe things you’d like to reverse?
Tamara McCleary (51:56):
Yeah. And first, Jim, I got to tell you, one of my sons is actually one of those professional shoppers. He’s 21 and he loves that job. But I would say that, you know, we’ve talked a little bit about the Internet of Things, Radio Frequency Identification Tags, sensors, we think about barcodes, GPS tags, chips, and they are all –
Kevin L. Jackson (52:26):
Tamara McCleary (52:27):
Right. I mean, it really helps with the locations of products, packages. How many of us have tracked our packages and to see where it’s at, so that you can intervene if it’s off in the wrong direction, or going to the wrong address, or where is it, where is it held up at. Those are all really useful things that I think a lot of us already have access to as individual shoppers. But one of the things I’d like to drop into the bucket here is blockchain. And a lot of times I think we think of blockchain being relegated to the financial services industry. But I think it has enormous implications for supply chain management. You know, it can be used in the chain to know exactly who’s performing what, time, where, where in the world is the location of this action, it facilitates valid, effective measurement of outcomes. And Jim talked about looking at performance of key processes and things like that. And I talked about these inputs that we need to have to be able to automate appropriately and to automate with efficacy. And once the inputs tracking data are on that blockchain ledger, they’re immutable.
Tamara McCleary (53:42):
So, I think that other suppliers in the chain – because think about this, we’ve talked a lot about what an organization can do to try to manage control within their org. But the elephant in the room is you can’t control what’s outside of your organization – using blockchain, everyone along those nodes can track and see the shipments, deliveries, and progress of everything. So, blockchain produces an awful lot of trust and transparency among suppliers, which I think also is increasing efficiency because it’s communication.
Tamara McCleary (54:18):
And that’s what the biggest breakdown is in supply chain management, is, coordinating that communication, ineffective communication, lack of communication, or lack of transparency with people not sharing critical information to help others downstream and upstream, make adjustments as they need to, because they’re needing to either up level production or scale down. So, blockchain does that for us. And I think it provides an accurate way of measuring product quality.
Tamara McCleary (54:55):
During transportation, I told you about the drone deliveries and the cold chain, and realizing that there are certain products, there are certain foods that have to be kept at a certain degree temperature, and it’s a terrible, terrible waste of food when refrigerated trucks or grocery stores toss out food that they can’t certify has been kept below a certain temperature. And you think about the hungry people of the world, what are we doing wasting all of this food.
Tamara McCleary (55:30):
So, I think blockchain-based solutions give buyers and suppliers much more trust, and confidence, and transparency. But it also gives the consumers more confidence that the products that they’re getting, they know where they came from, they know the quality. Recently, I bought fish in a store where it had the blockchain. I could see – get this – the exact boat that fish was caught off of. Isn’t that amazing? So, I know where in the world, what day, and what boat. That is incredible. That’s blockchain technology applied to supply chain.
Kevin L. Jackson (56:09):
Wow. Sounds like another vote for the ecosystem. So, thank you. Thank you very much for that, Tamara. The producer is yelling in my ear, so I have to wrap up. Could you both let the audience know how they can get in touch with you directly? Hey, Jim, why don’t you go first?
James Tompkins (56:31):
Well, the direct route is email, jtompkins, T-O-M-P-K-I-N-S, @tompkinsventures, T-O-M-P-K-I-N-S-V-E-N-T-U-R-E-S,.com. Or alternatively, LinkedIn, I’m James A. Tompkins. So, I would love to chat with you, please reach out.
Kevin L. Jackson (56:53):
Great. Thank you. And, Tamara?
Tamara McCleary (56:57):
I’ll be sure to cyber stock you, Jim. I love to cyber stock everybody. So, LinkedIn, for me. If you guys want to get in touch, you’re interested in more conversations, you have an interest in this area, LinkedIn is the best place to get a hold of me. Send me an InMail message if you like or send me a message on one of the streams.
Kevin L. Jackson (57:21):
Thank you. And we’ll have that information in the show notes so you can go directly and just click on it. So, thank you, both, for that enlightening information and your tremendous insight.
Kevin L. Jackson (57:39):
That brings us to the end of the AT&T Business BizTalks Chat on Supply Chain and Manufacturing. Please keep your ears open for the next BizTalks event. You can learn as soon as it’s announced by following ATTBusiness on Twitter, so that you can be right there and listen in. With that, this is Kevin L. Jackson wishing all of you a bright and transformational future. We’ll see you next time on AT&T Business BizTalks.
Thank you for supporting Digital Transformers and for being a part of our global Supply Chain Now community. Please check out all of our programming at supplychainnow.com. Make sure you subscribe to Digital Transformers anywhere you listen to or view the show. And follow us on Facebook, LinkedIn, Twitter, and Instagram. See you next time on Digital Transformers.
Tamara McCleary is a research scientist and full-time graduate student in-residence at Harvard University pursuing dual degrees. Research includes science, technology and public good; global catastrophic events, existential risk, healthspan technologies, synthetic life, artificial general intelligence, and posthumanism. Tamara is an active crew member for off-world projects with Proudly Human devoted to research into preparation for life off-world as well as devising solutions for humans living in resource-constrained environments on Earth. Tamara is founder and CEO of global digital marketing agency, Thulium, and serves as a technology futurist and an advisor to leading global tech companies Amazon, Alexa, Oracle, SAP, Cisco, Dell, IBM, Mercer, Marsh & McLennan Companies, AT&T, Verizon, Citrix, and RSA Security. Connect with Tamara on LinkedIn.
Jim Tompkins BSIE, MSIE, Ph.D. in industrial engineering from Purdue University. Jim has spent 45 years as founder and chairman of Tompkins International, Inc, and 2 years as founder and chairman of Tompkins Ventures, LLC. Jim has written 30 books, 3000 articles and given 2000 speeches, is the president of three professional organizations, and a thought leader in logistics and supply chain. Connect with Jim on LinkedIn.
Host, Logistics with Purpose
Adrian Purtill serves as Business Development Manager at Vector Global Logistics, where he consults with importers and exporters in various industries to match their specific shipping requirements with the most effective supply chain solutions. Vector Global Logistics is an asset-free, multi-modal logistics company that provides exceptional sea freight, air freight, truck, rail, general logistic services and consulting for our clients. Our highly trained and professional team is committed to providing creative and effective solutions, always exceeding our customer’s expectations and fostering long-term relationships. With more than 20+ years of experience in both strategy consulting and logistics, Vector Global Logistics is your best choice to proactively minimize costs while having an exceptional service level.
Joshua is a student from Institute of Technology and Higher Education of Monterrey Campus Guadalajara in Communication and Digital Media. His experience ranges from Plug and Play México, DearDoc, and Nissan México creating unique social media marketing campaigns and graphics design. Joshua helps to amplify the voice of supply chain here at Supply Chain Now by assisting in graphic design, content creation, asset logistics, and more. In his free time he likes to read and write short stories as well as watch movies and television series.
Director of Communications and Executive Producer
Donna Krache is a former CNN executive producer who has won several awards in journalism and communication, including three Peabodys. She has 30 years’ experience in broadcast and digital journalism. She led the first production team at CNN to convert its show to a digital platform. She has authored many articles for CNN and other media outlets. She taught digital journalism at Georgia State University and Arizona State University. Krache holds a bachelor’s degree in government from the College of William and Mary and a master’s degree in curriculum and instruction from the University of New Orleans. She is a serious sports fan who loves the Braves. She is president of the Dave Krache Foundation. Named in honor of her late husband, this non-profit pays fees for kids who want to play sports but whose parents are facing economic challenges.
Vicki has a long history of rising to challenges and keeping things up and running. First, she supported her family’s multi-million dollar business as controller for 12 years, beginning at the age of 17. Then, she worked as an office manager and controller for a wholesale food broker. But her biggest feat? Serving as the chief executive officer of her household, while her entrepreneur husband travelled the world extensively. She fed, nurtured, chaperoned, and chauffeured three daughters all while running a newsletter publishing business and remaining active in her community as a Stephen’s Minister, Sunday school teacher, school volunteer, licensed realtor and POA Board president (a title she holds to this day). A force to be reckoned with in the office, you might think twice before you meet Vicki on the tennis court! When she’s not keeping the books balanced at Supply Chain Now or playing tennis matches, you can find Vicki spending time with her husband Greg, her 4 fur babies, gardening, cleaning (yes, she loves to clean!) and learning new things.
Founder, CEO, & Host
As the founder and CEO of Supply Chain Now, you might say Scott is the voice of supply chain – but he’s too much of a team player to ever claim such a title. One thing’s for sure: he’s a tried and true supply chain expert. With over 15 years of experience in the end-to-end supply chain, Scott’s insights have appeared in major publications including The Wall Street Journal, USA Today, and CNN. He has also been named a top industry influencer by Thinkers360, ISCEA and more.
From 2009-2011, Scott was president of APICS Atlanta, and he continues to lead initiatives that support both the local business community and global industry. A United States Air Force Veteran, Scott has also regularly led efforts to give back to his fellow veteran community since his departure from active duty in 2002.
Host, Logistics with Purpose
Allison Krache Giddens has been with Win-Tech, a veteran-owned small business and aerospace precision machine shop, for 15 years, recently buying the company from her mentor and Win-Tech’s Founder, Dennis Winslow. She and her business partner, John Hudson now serve as Co-Presidents, leading the 33-year old company through the pandemic.
She holds undergraduate degrees in psychology and criminal justice from the University of Georgia, a Masters in Conflict Management from Kennesaw State University, a Masters in Manufacturing from Georgia Institute of Technology, and a Certificate of Finance from the University of Georgia. She also holds certificates in Google Analytics, event planning, and Cybersecurity Risk Management from Harvard online. Allison founded the Georgia Chapter of Women in Manufacturing and currently serves as Treasurer. She serves on the Chattahoochee Technical College Foundation Board as its Secretary, the liveSAFE Resources Board of Directors as Resource Development Co-Chair, and on the Leadership Cobb Alumni Association Board as Membership Chair and is also a member of Cobb Executive Women. She is on the Board for the Cobb Chamber of Commerce’s Northwest Area Councils. Allison runs The Dave Krache Foundation, a non-profit that helps pay sports fees for local kids in need.
Principal, Supply Chain Now
Host of Supply Chain Now and TECHquila Sunrise
When rapid-growth technology companies, venture capital and private equity firms are looking for advisory, they call Greg – a founder, board director, advisor and catalyst of disruptive B2B technology and supply chain. An insightful visionary, Greg guides founders, investors and leadership teams in creating breakthroughs to gain market exposure and momentum – increasing overall company esteem and valuation.
Greg is a founder himself, creating Blue Ridge Solutions, a Gartner Magic Quadrant Leader in cloud-native supply chain applications, and bringing to market Curo, a field service management solution. He has also held leadership roles with Servigistics (PTC) and E3 Corporation (JDA/Blue Yonder). As a principal and host at Supply Chain Now, Greg helps guide the company’s strategic direction, hosts industry leader discussions, community livestreams, and all in addition to executive producing and hosting his original YouTube channel and podcast, TEChquila Sunrise.
Principal, Supply Chain Now
Host of Supply Chain is Boring
Talk about world-class: Chris is one of the few professionals in the world to hold CPIM-F, CLTD-F and CSCP-F designations from ASCM/APICS. He’s also the APICS coach – and our resident Supply Chain Doctor. When he’s not hosting programs with Supply Chain Now, he’s sharing supply chain knowledge on the APICS Coach Youtube channel or serving as a professional education instructor for the Georgia Tech Supply Chain & Logistic Institute’s Supply Chain Management (SCM) program and University of Tennessee-Chattanooga Center for Professional Education courses.
Chris earned a BS in Industrial Engineering from Bradley University, an MBA with emphasis in Industrial Psychology from the University of West Florida, and is a Doctoral in Supply Chain Management candidate.
Host of TEKTOK
If there’s one Supply Chain ‘Pro to Know,’ it’s Karin. She’s earned the title for three years and counting – culminating in her designation as the “2020 Supply Chain Pro to Know of the Year.” Karin is also an award-winning digital supply chain, business strategy and technology marketing executive. A sought-after speaker at industry conferences, you will find her quoted in a variety of supply chain publications – and active in forums like ASCM/APICS and CSCMP.
With more than 25 years of supply chain experience, Karin spearheaded strategy and marketing for Gartner Magic Quadrant Leader and IDC MarketScape Leader, Logility. Karin has the heart of a teacher and has helped nearly 1,000 customers transform their businesses and tell their success stories. Today, she is a sought-after advisor helping high-growth B2B technology companies with everything from defining their unique value propositions to introducing new products and capturing customer success. No matter their goals, she makes sure her clients have actionable marketing strategies that help grow global revenue, market share and profitability.
Host of Digital Transformers
Kevin L. Jackson is a globally recognized Thought Leader, Industry Influencer and Founder/Author of the award winning “Cloud Musings” blog. He has also been recognized as a “Top 5G Influencer” (Onalytica 2019, Radar 2020), a “Top 50 Global Digital Transformation Thought Leader” (Thinkers 360 2019) and provides strategic consulting and integrated social media services to AT&T, Intel, Broadcom, Ericsson and other leading companies. Mr. Jackson’s commercial experience includes Vice President J.P. Morgan Chase, Worldwide Sales Executive for IBM and SAIC (Engility) Director Cloud Solutions. He has served on teams that have supported digital transformation projects for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the US Intelligence Community. Kevin’s formal education includes a MS Computer Engineering from Naval Postgraduate School; MA National Security & Strategic Studies from Naval War College; and a BS Aerospace Engineering from the United States Naval Academy. Internationally recognizable firms that have sponsored articles authored by him include Cisco, Microsoft, Citrix and IBM. Books include “Click to Transform” (Leaders Press, 2020), “Architecting Cloud Computing Solutions” (Packt, 2018), and “Practical Cloud Security: A Cross Industry View” (Taylor & Francis, 2016). He also delivers online training through Tulane University, O’Reilly Media, LinkedIn Learning, and Pluralsight. Mr. Jackson retired from the U.S. Navy in 1994, earning specialties in Space Systems Engineering, Carrier Onboard Delivery Logistics and carrier-based Airborne Early Warning and Control. While active, he also served with the National Reconnaissance Office, Operational Support Office, providing tactical support to Navy and Marine Corps forces worldwide.
Host of Logistics with Purpose and Supply Chain Now en Español
Enrique serves as Managing Director at Vector Global Logistics and believes we all have a personal responsibility to change the world. He is hard working, relationship minded and pro-active. Enrique trusts that the key to logistics is having a good and responsible team that truly partners with the clients and does whatever is necessary to see them succeed. He is a proud sponsor of Vector’s unique results-based work environment and before venturing into logistics he worked for the Boston Consulting Group (BCG). During his time at BCG, he worked in different industries such as Telecommunications, Energy, Industrial Goods, Building Materials, and Private Banking. His main focus was always on the operations, sales, and supply chain processes, with case focus on, logistics, growth strategy, and cost reduction. Prior to joining BCG, Enrique worked for Grupo Vitro, a Mexican glass manufacturer, for five years holding different positions from sales and logistics manager to supply chain project leader in charge of five warehouses in Colombia.
He has an MBA from The Wharton School of Business and a BS, in Mechanical Engineer from the Technologico de Monterrey in Mexico. Enrique’s passions are soccer and the ocean, and he also enjoys traveling, getting to know new people, and spending time with his wife and two kids, Emma and Enrique.
Host of Dial P for Procurement
Kelly is the Owner and Managing Director of Buyers Meeting Point and MyPurchasingCenter. She has been in procurement since 2003, starting as a practitioner and then as the Associate Director of Consulting at Emptoris. She has covered procurement news, events, publications, solutions, trends, and relevant economics at Buyers Meeting Point since 2009. Kelly is also the General Manager at Art of Procurement and Business Survey Chair for the ISM-New York Report on Business. Kelly has her MBA from Babson College as well as an MS in Library and Information Science from Simmons College and she has co-authored three books: ‘Supply Market Intelligence for Procurement Professionals’, ‘Procurement at a Crossroads’, and ‘Finance Unleashed’.
Host, Veteran Voices
Mary Kate Soliva is a veteran of the US Army and cofounder of the Guam Human Rights Initiative. She is currently in the Doctor of Criminal Justice program at Saint Leo University. She is passionate about combating human trafficking and has spent the last decade conducting training for military personnel and the local community.
Jeff Miller is the host of Supply Chain Now’s Supply Chain is the Business. Jeff is a digital business transformation and supply chain advisor with deep expertise in Industry 4.0, ERP, PLM, SCM, IoT, AR and related technologies. Through more than 25 years of industry and consulting experience, he has worked with many of the world’s leading product and service companies to achieve their strategic business and supply chain goals, creating durable business value for organizations at the forefront of technology and business practices. Jeff is the managing director for North America at Transition Technologies PSC, a global solution integrator, and the founder and managing principal of BTV Advisors, a firm that helps companies secure business transformation value from digital supply chain technologies and their breakthrough capabilities.
Chief Marketing Officer
Amanda is a marketing veteran and entrepreneur with over 15 years of experience across a variety of industries and organizations including Von Maur, Anthropologie, AmericasMart Atlanta, and Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta. In 2016, Amanda founded and grew the Magnolia Marketing Group into a successful digital media firm, and now she develops modern marketing strategies, social campaigns, innovative operational processes, and implements creative content initiatives for Supply Chain Now. But that’s just the beginning of her supply chain impact. Amanda also served as the VP of Information Systems and Webmaster on the Board of Directors for APICS Savannah for several years, and is the face behind the scenes welcoming you to every Supply Chain Now livestream! She was also recently selected as one of the Top 100 Women in Supply Chain by Supply Chain Digest and IBM. When she’s not leading the Supply Chain Now marketing team, you can find Amanda with her and her husband Scott’s three kids, in the kitchen cooking, or reading.
Business Development Manager
Clay is passionate about two things: supply chain and the marketing that goes into it. Recently graduated with a degree in marketing at the University of Georgia, Clay got his start as a journalism major and inaugural member of the Owl’s football team at Kennesaw State University – but quickly saw tremendous opportunity in the Terry College of Business. He’s already putting his education to great use at Supply Chain Now, assisting with everything from sales and brand strategy to media production. Clay has contributed to initiatives such as our leap into video production, the guest blog series, and boosting social media presence, and after nearly two years in Supply Chain Now’s Marketing Department, Clay now heads up partnership and sales initiatives with the help of the rest of the Supply Chain Now sales team.
Trisha is new to the supply chain industry – but not to podcasting. She’s an experienced podcast manager and virtual assistant who also happens to have 20 years of experience as an elementary school teacher. It’s safe to say, she’s passionate about helping people, and she lives out that passion every day with the Supply Chain Now team, contributing to scheduling and podcast production.
Host of Dial P for Procurement
Billy Taylor is a Proven Business Excellence Practitioner and Leadership Guru with over 25 years leading operations for a Fortune 500 company, Goodyear. He is also the CEO of LinkedXL (Excellence), a Business Operating Systems Architecting Firm dedicated to implementing sustainable operating systems that drive sustainable results. Taylor’s achievements in the industry have made him a Next Generational Lean pacesetter with significant contributions.
An American business executive, Taylor has made a name for himself as an innovative and energetic industry professional with an indispensable passion for his craft of operational excellence. His journey started many years ago and has worked with renowned corporations such as The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. (GT) leading multi-site operations. With over 3 decades of service leading North America operations, he is experienced in a deeply rooted process driven approach in customer service, process integrity for sustainability.
A disciple of continuous improvement, Taylor’s love for people inspires commitment to helping others achieve their full potential. He is a dynamic speaker and hosts "The Winning Link," a popular podcast centered on business and leadership excellence with the #1 rated Supply Chain Now Network. As a leadership guru, Taylor has earned several invitations to universities, international conferences, global publications, and the U.S. Army to demonstrate how to achieve and sustain effective results through cultural acceptance and employee ownership. Leveraging the wisdom of his business acumen, strong influence as a speaker and podcaster Taylor is set to release "The Winning Link" book under McGraw Hill publishing in 2022. The book is a how-to manual to help readers understand the management of business interactions while teaching them how to Deine, Align, and Execute Winning in Business.
A servant leader, Taylor, was named by The National Diversity Council as one of the Top 100 Diversity Officers in the country in 2021. He features among Oklahoma's Most Admired CEOs and maintains key leadership roles with the Executive Advisory Board for The Shingo Institute "The Nobel Prize of Operations" and The Association of Manufacturing Excellence (AME); two world-leading organizations for operational excellence, business development, and cultural learning. He is also an Independent Director for the M-D Building Products Board, a proud American manufacturer of quality products since 1920.
Social Media Manager
My name is Chantel King and I am the Social Media Specialist at Supply Chain Now. My job is to make sure our audience is engaged and educated on the abundant amount of information the supply chain industry has to offer.
Social Media and Communications has been my niche ever since I graduated from college at The Academy of Art University in San Francisco. No, I am not a West Coast girl. I was born and raised in New Jersey, but my travel experience goes way beyond the garden state. My true passion is in creating editorial and graphic content that influences others to be great in whatever industry they are in. I’ve done this by working with lifestyle, financial, and editorial companies by providing resources to enhance their businesses.
Another passion of mine is trying new things. Whether it’s food, an activity, or a sport. I would like to say that I am an adventurous Taurus that never shies away from a new quest or challenge.
Lori is currently completing a degree in marketing with an emphasis in digital marketing at the University of Georgia. When she’s not supporting the marketing efforts at Supply Chain Now, you can find her at music festivals – or working toward her dream goal of a fashion career. Lori is involved in many extracurricular activities and appreciates all the learning experiences UGA has brought her.
Sales and Marketing Coordinator
Katherine is a marketing professional and MBA candidate who strives to unite her love of people with a passion for positive experiences. Having a diverse background, which includes nonprofit work with digital marketing and start-ups, she serves as a leader who helps people live their most creative lives by cultivating community, order, collaboration, and respect. With equal parts creativity and analytics, she brings a unique skill set which fosters refining, problem solving, and connecting organizations with their true vision. In her free time, you can usually find her looking for her cup of coffee, playing with her puppy Charlie, and dreaming of her next road trip.
Ben Harris is the Director of Supply Chain Ecosystem Expansion for the Metro Atlanta Chamber. Ben comes to the Metro Atlanta Chamber after serving as Senior Manager, Market Development for Manhattan Associates. There, Ben was responsible for developing Manhattan’s sales pipeline and overall Americas supply chain marketing strategy. Ben oversaw market positioning, messaging and campaign execution to build awareness and drive new pipeline growth. Prior to joining Manhattan, Ben spent four years with the Georgia Department of Economic Development’s Center of Innovation for Logistics where he played a key role in establishing the Center as a go-to industry resource for information, support, partnership building, and investment development. Additionally, he became a key SME for all logistics and supply chain-focused projects. Ben began his career at Page International, Inc. where he drove continuous improvement in complex global supply chain operations for a wide variety of businesses and Fortune 500 companies. An APICS Certified Supply Chain Professional (CSCP), Ben holds an Executive Master’s degree in Business Administration (EMBA) and bachelor’s degree in International Business (BBA) from the Terry College at the University of Georgia.
Host, The Freight Insider
Prior to joining TeamOne Logistics, Page Siplon served as the Executive Director of the Georgia Center of Innovation for Logistics, the State’s leading consulting resource for fueling logistics industry growth and global competitiveness. For over a decade, he directly assisted hundreds of companies to overcome challenges and capitalize on opportunities related to the movement of freight. During this time, Siplon was also appointed to concurrently serve the State of Georgia as Director of the larger Centers of Innovation Program, in which he provided executive leadership and vision for all six strategic industry-focused Centers. As a frequently requested keynote speaker, Siplon is called upon to address a range of audiences on unique aspects of technology, workforce, and logistics. This often includes topics of global and domestic logistics trends, supply chain visibility, collaboration, and strategic planning. He has also been quoted as an industry expert in publications such as Forbes, Journal of Commerce, Fortune, NPR, Wall Street Journal, Reuters, American Express, DC Velocity, Area Development Magazine, Site Selection Magazine, Inbound Logistics, Modern Material Handling, and is frequently a live special guest on SiriusXM’s Road Dog Radio Show. Siplon is an active industry participant, recognized by DC Velocity Magazine as a “2012 Logistics Rainmaker” which annually identifies the top-ten logistics professionals in the Nation; and named a “Pro to Know” by Supply & Demand Executive Magazine in 2014. Siplon was also selected by Georgia Trend Magazine as one of the “Top 100 Most Influential Georgians” for 2013, 2014, and 2015. He also serves various industry leadership roles at both the State and Federal level. Governor Nathan Deal nominated Siplon to represent Georgia on a National Supply Chain Competitiveness Advisory Committee, where he was appointed to a two-year term by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce and was then appointed to serve as its vice-chairman. At the State level, he was selected by then-Governor Sonny Perdue to serve as lead consultant on the Commission for New Georgia’s Freight and Logistics Task Force. In this effort, Siplon led a Private Sector Advisory Committee with invited executives from a range of private sector stakeholders including UPS, Coca-Cola, The Home Depot, Delta Airlines, Georgia Pacific, CSX, and Norfolk Southern. Siplon honorably served a combined 12 years in the United States Marine Corps and the United States Air Force. During this time, he led the integration of encryption techniques and deployed cryptographic devices for tactically secure voice and data platforms in critical ground-to-air communication systems. This service included support for all branches of the Department of Defense, multiple federal security agencies, and aiding NASA with multiple Space Shuttle launches. Originally from New York, Siplon received both a bachelor’s and master’s degree in electrical and computer engineering with a focus on digital signal processing from the Georgia Institute of Technology. He earned an associate’s degree in advanced electronic systems from the Air Force College and completed multiple military leadership academies in both the Marines and Air Force. Siplon currently lives in Cumming, Georgia (north of Atlanta), with his wife Jan, and two children Thomas (19) and Lily (15).
Host, Logistics with Purpose
Kristi Porter is VP of Sales and Marketing at Vector Global Logistics, a company that is changing the world through supply chain. In her role, she oversees all marketing efforts and supports the sales team in doing what they do best. In addition to this role, she is the Chief Do-Gooder at Signify, which assists nonprofits and social impact companies through copywriting and marketing strategy consulting. She has almost 20 years of professional experience, and loves every opportunity to help people do more good.
Host, Logistics with Purpose
Kevin Brown is the Director of Business Development for Vector Global Logistics. He has a dedicated interest in Major Account Management, Enterprise Sales, and Corporate Leadership. He offers 25 years of exceptional experience and superior performance in the sales of Logistics, Supply Chain, and Transportation Management. Kevin is a dynamic, high-impact, sales executive and corporate leader who has consistently exceeded corporate goals. He effectively coordinates multiple resources to solution sell large complex opportunities while focusing on corporate level contacts across the enterprise. His specialties include targeting and securing key accounts by analyzing customer’s current business processes and developing solutions to meet their corporate goals. Connect with Kevin on LinkedIn.
Host, Supply Chain Now en Espanol
Sofia Rivas Herrera is a Mexican Industrial Engineer from Tecnologico de Monterrey class 2019. Upon graduation, she earned a scholarship to study MIT’s Graduate Certificate in Logistics and Supply Chain Management and graduated as one of the Top 3 performers of her class in 2020. She also has a multicultural background due to her international academic experiences at Singapore Management University and Kühne Logistics University in Hamburg. Sofia self-identifies as a Supply Chain enthusiast & ambassador sharing her passion for the field in her daily life.
Host, Logistics with Purpose
Jose Manuel Irarrazaval es parte del equipo de Vector Global Logistics Chile. José Manuel es un gerente experimentado con experiencia en finanzas corporativas, fusiones y adquisiciones, financiamiento y reestructuración, inversión directa y financiera, tanto en Chile como en el exterior. José Manuel tiene su MBA de la Universidad de Pennsylvania- The Wharton School. Conéctese con Jose Manuel en LinkedIn.
Host, Supply Chain Now en Espanol
Demo Perez started his career in 1997 in the industry by chance when a relative asked him for help for two just weeks putting together an operation for FedEx Express at the Colon Free Zone, an area where he was never been but accepted the challenge. Worked in all roles possible from a truck driver to currier to a sales representative, helped the brand introduction, market share growth and recognition in the Colon Free Zone, at the end of 1999 had the chance to meet and have a chat with Fred Smith ( FedEx CEO), joined another company in 2018 who took over the FedEx operations as Operations and sales manager, in 2004 accepted the challenge from his company to leave the FedEx operations and business to take over the operation and business of DHL Express, his major competitor and rival so couldn’t say no, by changing completely its operation model in the Free Zone. In 2005 started his first entrepreneurial journey by quitting his job and joining two friends to start a Freight Forwarding company. After 8 months was recruited back by his company LSP with the General Manager role with the challenge of growing the company and make it fully capable warehousing 3PL. By 2009 joined CSCMP and WERC and started his journey of learning and growing his international network and high-level learning. In 2012 for the first time joined a local association ( the Panama Maritime Chamber) and worked in the country’s first Logistics Strategy plan, joined and lead other associations ending as president of the Panama Logistics Council in 2017. By finishing his professional mission at LSP with a company that was 8 times the size it was when accepted the role as GM with so many jobs generated and several young professionals coached, having great financial results, took the decision to move forward and start his own business from scratch by the end of 2019. with a friend and colleague co-founded IPL Group a company that started as a boutique 3PL and now is gearing up for the post-Covid era by moving to the big leagues.
Host, Supply Chain Now
The founder of Logistics Executive Group, Kim Winter delivers 40 years of executive leadership experience spanning Executive Search & Recruitment, Leadership Development, Executive Coaching, Corporate Advisory, Motivational Speaking, Trade Facilitation and across the Supply Chain, Logistics, 3PL, E-commerce, Life Science, Cold Chain, FMCG, Retail, Maritime, Defence, Aviation, Resources, and Industrial sectors. Operating from the company’s global offices, he is a regular contributor of thought leadership to industry and media, is a professional Master of Ceremonies, and is frequently invited to chair international events.
He is a Board member of over a dozen companies throughout APAC, India, and the Middle East, a New Zealand citizen, he holds formal resident status in Australia and the UAE, and is the Australia & New Zealand representative for the UAE Government-owned Jebel Ali Free Zone (JAFZA), the Middle East’s largest Economic Free Zone.
A triathlete and ex-professional rugby player, Kim is a qualified (IECL Sydney) executive coach and the Founder / Chairman of the successful not for profit humanitarian organization, Oasis Africa (www. oasisafrica.org.au), which has provided freedom from poverty through education to over 8000 mainly orphaned children in East Africa’s slums. Kim holds an MBA and BA from Massey & Victoria Universities (NZ).
Host, Logistics with Purpose
Nick Roemer has had a very diverse and extensive career within design and sales over the last 15 years stretching from China, Dubai, Germany, Holland, UK, and the USA. In the last 5 years, Nick has developed a hawk's eye for sustainable tech and the human-centric marketing and sales procedures that come with it. With his far-reaching and strong network within the logistics industry, Nick has been able to open new avenues and routes to market within major industries in the USA and the UAE. Nick lives by the ethos, “Give more than you take." His professional mission is to make the logistics industry leaner, cleaner and greener.
Sales Support Intern
Alex is pursuing a Marketing degree and a Certificate in Legal Studies at the University of Georgia. As a dual citizen of both the US and UK; Alex has studied abroad at University College London and is passionate about travel and international business. Through her coursework at the Terry College of Business, Alex has gained valuable skills in digital marketing, analytics, and professional selling. She joined Supply Chain Now as a Sales Support Intern where she assists the team by prospecting and qualifying new business partners.